Malaybalay City dubbed as the “South Summer Capital of the Philippines” and “City in the Forest”, is a first class component city and the capital and administrative center of the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. The city is bordered north by Impasug-ong; west by Lantapan; south by Valencia City and San Fernando; and east by Cabanglasan and Agusan del Sur. According to the 2007 Census of Population by the National Statistics Office (NSO) the city is inhabited by 144, 065 residents.
When Spanish explorers came to the central portion of the province in the late 18th century, they inquired as to the name of the town. The people replied in Visayan “walay balay”, which means “no house” in Visaya. The Spaniards mispronounced the name and repeated it as “Malaybalay”.
It was formerly part of the province of Misamis Oriental as a municipal district in the late 19th century. When the special province of Agusan and its sub-province (Bukidnon) was created in 1907, Malaybalay was designated as the capital of Bukidnon. It was then formally established as a municipality in October 19, 1907 and was created into a city in February 11, 1998 by virtue of R.A. 8490.
Malaybalay City is the venue of the Kaamulan Festival, held annually from mid-February to March 10.